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The Sunderland Stadium of Light has hosted regular concerts since 2009, including the likes of Oasis, Take That, Coldplay, Kings of Leon and Red Hot Chili Peppers. The modern City of Sunderland (/ˈsʌndərlənd/) is a local government district of Tyne and Wear, in North East England, with the status of a city and metropolitan borough. The initial relocation plan had been for a stadium to be situated alongside the Nissan factory, but these were abandoned in favour of the Stadium of Light at Monkwearmouth on the site of a colliery that had closed at the end of 1993.[27]. The current regional BBC radio station is BBC Radio Newcastle. Sunderland got its first Member of Parliament after the Reform Act of 1832, and the Borough of Sunderland was created in 1836, although impatient citizens elected Andrew White to be Mayor in December 1835. It now has campuses in Sunderland, London and Hong Kong. The reorganisation of electoral areas saw major changes in all but two wards, but the elections of 10 June 2004, the first fought under the new boundaries, saw little change in the political representation of the City as a whole, with 61 Labour, 12 Conservative, and 2 Liberal Democrat councillors elected. Il Sunderland Association Football Club, noto semplicemente come Sunderland, è una società calcistica inglese con sede nella città di Sunderland, militante attualmente in Football League One (terza divisione inglese).. Vanta la vittoria di 6 titoli nazionali (1892, 1893, 1895, 1902, 1913 e 1936), 2 Coppe d'Inghilterra (1937 e 1973) e una Supercoppa d'Inghilterra, vinta nel 1936. Rowland Burdon MP pushed for the Wearmouth Bridge, which was built in 1796. [19] It has also played host to an annual season from the Birmingham Royal Ballet for over ten years. The library had about 300 books; all of them were hand written and painted. Three Councillors resigned from the Labour Party following disputes over the selection of candidates for the 2004 elections. Over recent years Sunderland city centre has seen a re-development of the Sunniside area taking place, with new bars, cafes and retailers opening their doors on the Eastern side of the city. The University of Sunderland is a university located in Sunderland in the North East of England.Its predecessor, Sunderland Technical College, was established as a municipal training college in 1901.It gained university status in 1992. Sunderland är en stad med omkring 283 500 invånare [1] och ligger i nordöstra England, Storbritannien, vid floden Wears utlopp i Nordsjön.. Staden ligger strax sydost om Newcastle och mellan de bägge städerna har det sedan länge funnits en ömsesidig rivalitet. In 2004, music magazine NME put Sunderland came 8th in a list of the "coolest" music places in the UK.[21]. As demand for coal fell after World War II, mines began to close across the region, causing mass unemployment. The city extends to the seafront at Hendon and Ryhope (on the south) and Seaburn (on the north). When the water boiled, the salt was left behind. The Empire Theatre sometimes plays host to music acts, and has attracted Deacon Blue and Journey South to the city in recent years. [6] It was designed for trains to run across, too, but the railway section was never completed. Before the English Civil War in 1642, King Charles I said Newcastle could be the only town in the east of England which could send coal by ship. [12], The Salford-born painter, L. S. Lowry, was a frequent visitor, staying in the Seaburn Hotel in Sunderland. The Mackem accent and dialect is often mistaken for Geordie by people not from the region, as the two tongues sound very similar in pronunciation and diction. This had a big impact on Sunderland, which was selling more and more coal. Der AFC Sunderland (offiziell: Sunderland Association Football Club) auch bekannt als The Black Cats ist ein englischer Fußballverein aus Sunderland im Nordosten von England. This was the start of glass making in Britain. By 1346, ships were being built at Wearmouth. Each has three councillors elected for a four-year term. They printed notices which said there was no disease in the town, and saying that the doctors who said that there was disease did not know what they were talking about. The crew of HMS Ocean regularly visit the city. It was a county borough, and is now part of the City of Sunderland in Tyne and Wear. A third bridge carries the A19 trunk road over the Wear to the West of the City. Sunderland város az Egyesült Királyságban, Anglia északi területén, a Tyne and Wear grófságban. It is on the river bank near the city centre. Every year, the city hosts a large Remembrance Day memorial, believed to be the largest in the UK outside of London.[26]. These include Holy Trinity, built in 1719 for an independent Sunderland, St. Michaels's Church, built as Bishopwearmouth Parish Church and now known as Sunderland Minster and St. Peter's Church, Monkwearmouth, part of which dates from 674 AD, and was the original monastery. This law still remains in full force to this day. On 16 June 1883, 183 children died. Thur:6:00pm-9:00pm. The City of Sunderland (/ˈsʌndərlənd/) is a local government district of Tyne and Wear, in North East England, with the status of a city and metropolitan borough. Sunderland is the largest city, by population and area, between Leeds and Edinburgh.[15]. The event, held at Herrington Country Park in the shadow of Penshaw Monument, was attended by 30,000 visitors and featured Foo Fighters, Kasabian, KT Tunstall, Chemical Brothers and The Black Eyed Peas.[17][18]. He wrote most of Jabberwocky at Whitburn as well as "The Walrus and the Carpenter". Carroll's connection with Sunderland, and the area's history, is documented in Bryan Talbot's 2007 graphic novel Alice in Sunderland.[19]. According to census statistics, 81.5% of Sunderland residents class themselves as Christian, 9.6% have no religion, 0.7% are Muslim and 7.6% did not wish to give their religion. The three original settlements of Wearmouth (Bishopwearmouth, Monkwearmouth and Sunderland) had started to join up. Een inwoner van Sunderland wordt ook wel een Mackem genoemd. ; Hylton Riverside Retail Park, a large shopping outlet centre at. The Short S.25 Sunderland was a British flying boat patrol bomber, developed and constructed by Short Brothers for the Royal Air Force (RAF). Holi… The Nissan car plant and the nearby North East Aircraft Museum are on the site of the old Sunderland Airport. The merchant Thomas Menville started building ships so he could transport the things he wanted to sell. Sunderland; S. Sunderland A.F.C. Glass has been made in Sunderland for around 1,500 years. Vaux in Sunderland and Wards Brewing Company in Sheffield had been part of the Vaux Group, when both breweries closed the group started to concentrate on its hotels which were in The Swallow Group. Sûkê bıray. [2] This settlement was granted a charter in 1179 by Hugh Pudsey, then the Bishop of Durham. Sunderland, part of the Durham coalfield, has a coal-mining heritage that dates back centuries. The centre receives over 26 million shopping visits every year. This category is about Sunderland, the old town which is now part of the City of Sunderland. Hallintopiiriin kuuluu Sunderlandin kaupungin lisäksi Washingtonin, Houghton-le-Springin ja Hetton-le-Holen kaupungit sekä Rokerin ja Seaburnin … When an army from Scotland came to fight the King, its base was set up in Sunderland. In particular, the east and south east – the old parish of Sunderland and the mining village of Ryhope – had lost population to the "New Town" of Washington. Sunderland has produced a modest number of musicians that have gone on to reach international fame, most notably Dave Stewart of the Eurythmics. Kon ang usa ka internal nga sumpay ang midala kanimo dinhi, palihog tabangi kami sa pag-ugmad sa Wikipedya pinaagi sa pag-edit aron modiretso sa target nga artikulo ang maong sumpay! The Sunderland Empire Theatre, opened in 1907, is the largest theatre in the North East. This stopped the Newcastle coal trade and allowed the Sunderland coal trade to grow. The City of Sunderland is a metropolitan borough in Tyne and Wear, in North East England. [7] After the 2015 General election the composition of the council was Labour 66, Conservative 6 and independent 3.[7]. Sunderland Museum has a big collection of LS Lowry. However, the Metro extension has not been viewed as a huge success with frequency of services cut due to a lack of demand. In 2001, the most ethnically mixed ward of the city was the (now abolished) Thornholme area - just to the south of the city centre Thornholme included the suburbs of Ashbrooke and Eden Vale. Sunderland has two local newspapers: the daily evening tabloid The Sunderland Echo, founded in 1873, and the Sunderland Star - a free newspaper. By 1100, the Bishopwearmouth parish included a small fishing village at the mouth of the river (modern day East End) known as 'Soender-land', or Asunder-land which became Sunderland. Byen ligg ved munningen til Wear ved Nordsjøen, 15 km søraust for Newcastle upon Tyne. Najstarije od njih na sjevernoj obali rijeke, kasnije nazvano - Monkwearmouth, niklo je pored samostana osnovanog 674. In 674, Benedict Biscop built the Wearmouth (St. Peter's) monastery. With 750,000 passengers per year it is the busiest bus and coach station in Britain after Victoria Station in Central London,[21] and has won several design awards. city. The Victoria Hall disaster is still the worst of its kind in Britain. [18] There is a statue to Carroll in Whitburn library. Location Map: 1. McFly played there in April 2007. Between 1939 and 1945 the Wear yards launched 245 merchant ships totalling 1.5 million tons, a quarter of the merchant tonnage produced in the UK at this period. [22], Sunderland's first film company was established in 2008; and is known as "Tanner Films Ltd" and is based in the Sunniside area of the city. In 930, King Athelstan of England gave the land on the south bank of the river to the Bishop of Durham. It is situated at the mouth of the River Wear. The museum has a big collection of the locally produced Sunderland Lustreware pottery. Fri:6:00pm-9:00pm. The last coal mine closed in 1994. Once called the "Greatest Shipbuilding Town in the World",[31] ships were built on the Wear from at least 1346 onwards. Sunderland yew sûka dewleta Qraliya Yewbiyayiya. also hail from Washington in the City. On the 7 and 8 May 2005, Sunderland hosted the BBC Radio 1 Big Weekend concert - the UK's largest free music festival. Now it can stage West End shows such as Miss Saigon, Starlight Express and My Fair Lady. The Sunniside area now includes an Empire Cinema, Gala Casino and many surrounding eateries. On 7 and 8 May 2005, Sunderland played host to BBC Radio 1's Big Weekend concert - the UK's largest free music festival. [7] During a variety show, children rushed down the stairs for treats. Pronunciation . Az Északi-tenger partján, a Wear folyó torkolatánál, Newcastle upon Tyne-tól kb. The Liberal Democrats stronghold ward was abolished entirely, and became part of four new wards, and the Liberal Democrat councillors elected in 2004 were from two very different areas. Kenickie, which featured Lauren Laverne on vocals, also achieved a top ten album and wide critical acclaim in the mid-to-late-1990s. The City is now part of the Northumbria Police Force area. U tom naselju je rođen i školovao se Beda Uvaženi (672 / [[673-735), poznati anglosaksonski kroničar. The Cinema was taken over by the Empire Multiplex Cinema Company in mid 2006. St Benedict Biscop was adopted as the City's Patron Saint in March 2004. Vaux Breweries was established in the town centre in the 1880s and for 110 years was a major employer. This page was last changed on 28 June 2020, at 14:58. These frets can be very dense, are often very localised, and can appear and disappear in a matter of minutes. Sunderland – miasto przemysłowe i port w Wielkiej Brytanii, w północno-wschodniej Anglii, nad Morzem Północnym, u ujścia rzeki Wear.Wchodzi w skład hrabstwa Tyne and Wear, w dystrykcie Sunderland.. Liczba mieszkańców: 177 739, zespół miejski – 182 974 () The synagogue on Ryhope Road (opened in 1928) closed at the end of March 2006. Some Sunderland suburbs have most streets beginning with the same letter: Sunderland has cool winters and warm summers. This is most common in the summer months (April - September). Sunderland also hosts the free International Festival of Kites, Music and Dance, which attracts kite-makers from around the world to Northumbria Playing Fields, Washington. Sunderland (UK Parliament constituency), from 1832 to 1950 Sunderland A.F.C., a professional football team Alice in Sunderland, a comics history by Bryan Talbot of the Sunderland area and its connections to Lewis Carroll; Sunderland A.F.C. Sunderland has produced a number of musicians that have gone on to reach international fame, most notably Dave Stewart of the Eurythmics. The Empire Theatre sometimes plays host to music acts. Sunderland has the motto of Nil Desperandum Auspice Deo. In the past it has also welcomed major bands such as The Beatles and The Kinks. Sunderland is one of the most deprived cities in the North of England. It was given a. St. Peter's Campus of the University of Sunderland; North Haven, executive housing and marina at the old North Dock at Roker; the National Glass Centre, by St. Peter's Church; the Stadium of Light the 49,000-capacity home of Sunderland A.F.C. This is known as salt panning. Juni 1995 in Salem, Oregon) ist eine US-amerikanische Pornodarstellerin. There was no Jewish community before 1750, but then a number of Jewish businessmen from across the UK and Europe settled in Sunderland. Son emplacement dans le secteur abrité ((en)rain shadow) des Pennines, ainsi que dans d'autres chaînes de montagnes à l'ouest, telles que celles du Lake District et du sud-ouest de l'Écosse, fait de Sunderland l'une des villes les moins pluvieuses du nord de l'Angleterre. It is the largest free airshow in Europe. Corning Glass Works was one of the last. It also hosts a large ice rink in Mowbray Park, which is part of the wider, regional North East Winter Festival. Seit 1974 ist die Stadt der namensgebende Kernort des größeren Metropolitan Borough City of Sunderland. It has been in the Roman Catholic Diocese of Hexham and Newcastle since the Catholic bishops returned in 1850. The Empire also played host to the final performance of comic actor Sid James, who died of a heart attack whilst on stage in 1976.[20]. There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. Independent, a city centre nightclub/music venue, satisfies underground music lovers, having previously played host to Keane, Franz Ferdinand, Kasabian, Kaiser Chiefs, Maxïmo Park and Snow Patrol when they were largely unknown. Competition from overseas caused a downturn in demand for Sunderland built ships toward the end of the twentieth century. The factory is adjacent to the UK Nissan Distribution Centre (NDS) and has a number of on-site suppliers. [11] The newspaper reports of the tragedy were so shocking that an inquiry was set up. Although the city does not have a Cathedral, as it is located in the Diocese of Durham, it does have Sunderland Minster. Doxford International Business Park, in the south west of the city, has attracted a host of national and international companies. The area is part of the Anglican Diocese of Durham. This put Sunderland in competition for the first time with its coal-trading neighbour Newcastle. More recently, Sunderland-born Terry Deary, writer of the series of Horrible Histories books, has become famous, and many others such as thriller writer Sheila Quigley, are following his lead. Use as many or as few bullet points as needed.) (Link to map using Googleor other map sites) Location Map] Address: 1. He was given the land by King Ecgfrith of Northumbria. The River Wear was not very deep, so the coal had to be loaded onto big boats called keels and taken downriver to the coal ships which were called colliers. Some of these new industries, are in Washington, which has more space to allow purpose built factories. The central business district of Sunderland has also been redeveloped and improveed. BBC - Radio 4 The Long View - Cholera outbreak in 19th Century Britain. Sunderland este un oraș și un Burg Metropolitan în cadrul Comitatului Metropolitan Tyne and Wear în regiunea North East England. On the south side of the river, the old Vaux Brewery site has been cleared so that new houses, shops and offices can be built close to the city centre. Sunderland and Washington share historical links, as the ancestors of the first President of the United States of America, George Washington, lived in Washington Old Hall, which is within the municipal boundaries of Sunderland. HMS Ocean, a Helicopter Landing Ship is Sunderland's adopted Royal Navy ship. EPA/FELIPE TRUEBA EDITORIAL USE ONLY Developer of the electric lightbulb Joseph Swan, agony aunt Denise Robertson, rockers 'The Futureheads' and Alex Kapranos of 'Franz Ferdinand', Civil liberty campaigner Chris Mullin MP, radio DJ and singer Lauren Laverne,[37] football manager Bob Paisley, actor James Bolam, movie producer David Parfitt, lead singer of 'Olive' Ruth-Ann Boyle, author Lewis Carroll, artist LS Lowry, journalist Kate Adie, and the Venerable Bede are a few of the many famous people born in or associated with Sunderland. In 686, the community was taken over by Ceolfrid, and Wearmouth monastery and its other site in Jarrow became very important places of learning in Anglo-Saxon England. A new parish of Sunderland was created and Holy Trinity, Sunderland parish church was built. [30] The most deprived areas are Southwick to the north of the river and Thorney Close to the south - both with chronic levels of unemployment, although the city is performing better than the North East as a whole.[30]. Sunderland is in North East England.It was a county borough, and is now part of the City of Sunderland in Tyne and Wear.It sits at the mouth of the River Wear.. Sunderland started as three small villages: Monkwearmouth was created in 674 when Saint Benedict Biscop started a monastery.Monkwearmouth is on the north side of the river. It sits at the mouth of the River Wear. When the perpetrator, John Humble was eventually caught he confirmed that he did indeed attend school in the Castletown area of Sunderland in his childhood. When cholera broke out in 1831, the "select vestrymen", as the church councillors were called, did not know what to do about the epidemic. It was built on the site of the former RAF Usworth airfield near the A19 and A1231. The 2004 election for all 75 councillors was held on 10 June 2004. Traditional attractions for visitors to Sunderland include Penshaw Monument, the Souter Lighthouse (the first electrically powered lighthouse in the world[27]), the 15th century Hylton Castle, the Wildfowl park in Washington, and the beaches of Roker and Seaburn. The Bridges Shopping Centre covers much of the City Centre and was opened in 1988. For a more detailed list, see List of famous residents of Sunderland. The Royalty Theatre is the home of the amateur Royalty Theatre group who also put on a number of low-budget productions throughout the year. They currently play in the top tier of English women's football - FA Women's Premier League National Division, despite their financial struggles. The Port of Sunderland was expanded in the 1850s when the Hudsons Dock were built for the River Wear Commissioners. As more coal was needed to heat the salt pans, coal mining started in the area. “CoSMOS”, the City of Sunderland Millennium Orchestral Society’’ was set up in 2000 to mark the millennium. Much of the city is on a low range of hills running parallel to the coast. Bis 1974 war Sunderland ein County Borough der traditionellen Grafschaft County Durham. Sunderland is twinned with: Essen, Germany and Saint-Nazaire, France. Sunderland (a s lèś /ˈsʌndərlənd/ in ingléś, scólta'l chè) l'è na sità dal Régn Unî ch'la s cata in dal nòrd-èst dl'Inghiltèra, in dla cuntèa metrupulitàna 'd Tyne and Wear.La fà sù sènt-stantasincmìla abitànt a 'l incìrca (dat dal 2011), pôc più pìcula 'd Mòdna.. La sità l'è anc un pòrt e la gh'è sōl lē in Inghiltèra ch'la n gh'à minga dal catedràli. 2. Sunderland was a big trading port at the time. As with most UK east-coast towns, Sunderland sometimes gets sea fog known locally as Fret. Airline Ryanair, moreover, recorded a 10% increase in passenger numbers travelling to Newcastle Airport on Fridays before a Sunderland home game, some 600 more than on other Fridays. Since the dissolution of Sunderland Nissan F.C., Sunderland itself now has only one non-league side, Sunderland Ryhope Community Association F.C. The Manchester painter, L S Lowry, was another frequent visitor, staying in the Seaburn Hotel in Sunderland. Leben. Nissan Motor Manufacturing UK is located in Sunderland, Tyne and Wear, in North East England. "Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Mid-2019", https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/av/uk-england-tyne-46472740/last-sunderland-shipyard-closure-announced-30-years-ago, "Sunderland's political management structure-Sunderland City Council", https://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/2193406, https://uk.linkedin.com/in/dan-griffin-8481363a, https://issuu.com/nostrangertothep45/docs/no_stranger_to_the_p45, "Radio 1's Big Weekend: Penshaw Monument, Herrington Park, Sunderland", "Local boys shine at Sunderland's Big Weekend", https://www.sunderlandecho.com/news/people/carry-star-stage-tragedy-and-reason-les-dawson-refused-set-foot-sunderland-empire-636199, "Newspaper Report for the publication: Sunderland Star", "$6million film deal for North East murder film", "Sunderland named Facebook capital of Britain", "SAFC Previous Grounds / History / Previous Grounds", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Sunderland&oldid=991412187, NUTS 3 statistical regions of the United Kingdom, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2010, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 22:53. 11 of the 25 wards featuring in the list of the 2000 most deprived wards in England. The Manor Quay, the students' union on the campus of the University of Sunderland has also hosted the Arctic Monkeys, Maxïmo Park, 911, the Levellers and Girls Aloud in the past three years. Sunderland was put under quarantine, so that people could not leave the town. Labour lost three seats to the Conservatives, whilst former Labour Mayor Mrs Julianna Heron lost to an independent: the same person who had defeated her husband in 2003 and who was in turn defeated by him in 2004. The Royalty Theatre is the home to the (amateur) Royalty Theatre group who also put on a number of low-budget productions throughout the year. +44 0 191-528 5787 E-mail: 1. Sunderland has won awards from the Britain in Bloom group in 1993, 1997 and 2000. Lewis Carroll often visited to the area. Average rainfall is below the UK national average due to an east coast location. The district was formed in 1974, titled the Metropolitan Borough of Sunderland, as part of the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972 and is an amalgamation of four former local government districts of County Durham. At the peak in 1923, 170,000 miners were employed in County Durham alone,[33] as labourers from all over Britain, including many from Scotland and Ireland, entered the region. This was because of the success of the port of Sunderland as well as the salt panning and the shipbuilding along the banks of the Wear. Lewis Carroll was a frequent visitor to the area. Han er dermed ein by innanfor ein annan by, ein situasjon som ikkje er uvanleg i England. Sunderland (kondado), Inglatera, Kining maong panid sa pagklaro nagtala sa mga artikulo nga may samang titulo. [28] However Washington F.C. [32] But in December of that year, cholera was in Gateshead and it spread across the country, killing about 32,000 people. [11] More recently, Sunderland-born Terry Deary, writer of the series of Horrible Histories books, has achieved fame and success, and many others such as thriller writer Sheila Quigley, are following his lead. The City has had a Labour controlled council since 1974, and often before that. Many Sunderland Jews left for bigger Jewish communities in Britain or to Israel. The Birmingham Royal Ballet have a season at the Sunderland Empire every year, and it is thought of as the company's north-east home. By 2004 there had been a considerable shift in population. Sunderland [ˈsʌndələnd] ist eine Hafenstadt im Metropolitan County Tyne and Wear in Nordost-England. The National Glass Centre is also there, next to the University of Sunderland’s new “St Peter’s Campus”. The Northern Gallery for Contemporary Art on Fawcett Street and Sunderland Museum and Winter Gardens showcase exhibitions and installations from up-and-coming and established artists alike, with the latter holding an extensive collection of Lowry's work. Other. A surname . [17] Some parts of the area are believed to be the inspiration for his Alice in Wonderland stories, such as Hylton Castle and Backhouse Park. [4] The first victim, William Sproat, died on 23 October 1831. The Empire is the only theatre between Leeds and Glasgow big enough to put on such shows.[24]. The club played in the Premier League in the 2005/2006 season, they finished bottom. 98.1% of the population are white, with 1% Asian and 0.4% mixed-race. In 2000, The Bridges shopping centre was extended to attract national chain stores. Like all metropolitan authorities, the city is divided into a number of wards or electoral districts. The least ethnically diverse wards are in the north of the city. season was the club's 141st season in existence, and their second consecutive season in the third tier of English football, after relegation from the Championship in the 2017–18 season.Along with competing in League One, the club participated in the FA Cup and EFL Cup as well as the EFL Trophy.The season covers the period from 1 July 2019 to 30 June 2020. A popular site is FreeBMD. This committee said that public buildings should have outward opening emergency exits. Today, the road leading to where the pans were is still called Pann's Bank. Under the Local Government Act 1888, it was given further status as a county borough with independence from county council control. A city and metropolitan borough of Tyne and Wear, England. A multimillion-pound transport interchange at Park Lane was opened on 2 May 1999 by the then Brookside actor Michael Starke. Sunderland was made a municipal borough of County Durham in 1835. A Rabbi from Holland was working in the city in 1790. [2], The metropolitan borough was formed in 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972 by the merger of several districts of County Durham - Washington Urban District, Houghton-le-Spring Urban District and Hetton Urban District - with the County Borough of Sunderland.[3]. See City of Sunderland. The Conservative party made further significant gains in the 2008 election, gaining five additional seats and strengthening their support in others. It was in Sunderland for 120 years, until 31 March 2007[34]. In 1986, when Tyne and Wear Metropolitan County Council was abolished, most county functions became the responsibility of the constituent districts, whilst new joint boards assumed the co-ordinating roles in the county. The tapes were made by a man who came to be known as Wearside Jack, and were thought by linguistic experts to be made by someone specifically from the Castletown area of Sunderland. The port was blockaded, so that ships could not spread the disease to other ports. The last shipyard in Sunderland closed in 1988. A person born in Sunderland is sometimes called a Mackem. Robert Stephenson helped the engineers. The City has 25 such wards. Only 114 people of Jewish faith live in Sunderland. After the elections of May 2003 the political structure was 63 Labour, 9 Conservative, and 1 independent. Following further disputes within the Labour Party, three councillors resigned the whip at the end of 2006 and, joined by one of the Liberal Democrat members formed an independent group, which is the minority party in opposition. The city is unparished, except for Hetton-le-Hole which is a civil parish, and which has a town council.

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