When forty winters have attacked your brow and wrinkled your beautiful skin, the pride and impressiveness of your youth, so much admired by everyone now, will have become a worthless, tattered weed. The sequence is logical. Lacking absolute proof, all we have are the sonnets themselves and they are each a glimpse into the heart and mind of a master craftsman taking his art to another level, focusing on beauty, love, time and inevitable change. Sonnet 2. The structure of the sonnet is 4-4-4-2, although there is a change of emphasis and tone after the 8th line which means that the sonnet has a distinguishable octave and sestet. They're not. This barrenness of old age is symbolized in the sonnet's last line, "And see thy blood warm when thou feel'st it cold," and contrasts to the previous sonnet's spring imagery. From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes Shakespeare’s Sonnets Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays. Many believe Shakespeare’s sonnets are addressed to two different people he may have known. The only thing the young man will have to look back on is his self-absorbed "lusty days," empty because he created nothing — namely, no children. It shows the poet’s intense desire to devote self wholeheartedly to God, but at the same time it shows the painful struggle that goes on in his mind between this desire and the temptation that sin offers. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. This process naturally throws up points that need some kind of note, like the Muscovite. Shakespeare's Sonnets essays are academic essays for citation. Shakespeare - A nalysis of Sonnet 2 : In Sonnet 2, Shakespeare stresses to his lover that beauty will not last, and that it is selfish and foolish for anyone not to prepare for the loss of beauty and youth by having a child to carry on unsurpassed beauty. This was the age of plague, diseases, poverty and violent end, hence the rather urgent pleas for the fair youth to commit to fatherhood, or forever be shamed. This theme was quite common in Shakespeare's time, when average life expectancy for some could be as low as thirty five years. In Sonnet 3 Shakespeare … A critical reading of a Shakespeare sonnet. This time I'm going to have to admit I haven't the faintest idea what he is getting at." Sonnet 2 continues the theme begun in Sonnet 1, which is that the subject, the fair youth or young man to whom many of the sonnets are addressed, should have children to pass on his beauty. This time, however, the youth's narcissism is both physical and emotional. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Shakespeare’s Sonnets and what it means. Sonnet 22 appears shortly after the early group of poems which urged the young man to have a child, and is one of the first sonnets to focus upon the speaker’s feelings. The first, alliteration, occurs when words are used in succession, or at least appear close together and begin with the same sound. the desired result. Suggestions Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. Using figurative language, the metaphor of field and livery, the conceit of warfare, Shakespeare sets the opening scene by suggesting that the subject's good looks won't be worth a tattered weed in forty years time. Summary. The phrase represents forty years that have passed. Analysis This is Sonnet II of Donne’s “Holy Sonnets”. Shakespeare’s to have children to forever keep his beauty alive. The sonnets by Shakespeare convince a young, handsome friend of. Summary. IV. Analysis. The sonnet's first four lines relate all of these important themes. Being forty years old in Shakespeare’s time would likely have been considered to be a “good old age”, so when forty winters had passed, you would have been considered old. Sonnet 2 Analysis The sonnets by Shakespeare convince a young, handsome friend of Shakespeare’s to have children to forever keep his beauty alive. Tatter'd Weed: Having ragged garments Thriftless: Careless in handeling money; wasteful, or It's written in the form of an argument, as if the speaker is using logic to convince the subject of a thesis. Beauty is conceived of as a treasure that decays unless, through love, its natural increase — marrying and having children — is made possible. William Shakespeare left no letter, no manuscript, no clues as to who this individual might have been. Sonnet 2 Analysis Symbols, Imagery, Wordplay Sonnet 2 opens with a metaphor that compares the way time wears away a person's face to the way an army attacks a castle. But if he has a child, then …. Summary. A summary of Part X (Section9) in William Shakespeare's Shakespeare’s Sonnets. The use of elevated diction, imagery, plays on words, and even an irregular rhyme scheme deepens the meanings of the poems as they relate to people in the Renaissance era and even today. Shakespeare’s Sonnet 3: Look In Thy Glass, And Tell The Face Thou Viewest is elegantly written and noted for its simplicity and efficacy. It's quite plain to see that the regular, steady iambic pentameter is interspersed with unstressed pyrrhics and double stressed spondees, bringing stark contrast. Sonnet 2 uses metaphor and antithetical elements to argue the case for procreation. Shakespeare stresses that this beauty will not last, and that it is selfish and foolish for him not to prepare for the loss of his beauty and youth. Time again is the great enemy, besieging the youth's brow, digging trenches — wrinkles — in his face, and ravaging his good looks. Synopsis: The poet defends his love of a mistress who does not meet the conventional standard of beauty by claiming that her dark eyes and hair (and, perhaps, dark skin) are the new standard. Interestingly, the speaker in the sonnet, because there is no mention of male or female, could be a man speaking to a man for example, or a woman to a woman, or man to woman, or older woman to younger man and vice versa. Sonnet 2 maakt deel uit van de sonnetten van Shakespeare die voor de eerste keer in 1609 werden gepubliceerd. and any corresponding bookmarks? Shakespeare stresses that this beauty will not last, and that it is selfish and foolish for him not to prepare for the loss of his beauty and youth. Just think about: In truth, no specific evidence identifies any person as the young man in these seventeen sonnets. Sonnet #2 is one of seventeen such poems addressed to the so called 'Fair Youth', the central theme being procreation, the getting of children for beauty's sake, before youth's freshness runs out. Sonnet 116: ‘Let me not to the marriage of true minds’, which is easily one of the most recognised of his poetry, particularly the first several lines.In total, it is believed that Shakespeare wrote 154 sonnets, in addition to the thirty-seven plays that are also attributed to him. There are certain words related to war fare and the battlefield - besiege, deep trenches, livery. However this changes after a number of sonnets. But if he has a child, then …. Sonnet 2. Below is Sonnet 2, and a few words of summary and analysis. They support the idea that Shakespeare was a poet for all and the sonnets are universal in nature, not based on his sexuality, more on his humanity. The third quatrain answers the rhetorical question posed in the second, rather cheekily putting the words into the mouth of the subject, imagining a scene whereby the subject's future child appears to tie up loose ends and justify him in his old age. (3 iambs + pyrrhic + spondee). The poet writes that while the beloved’s repentance and shame do not rectify the damage done, the beloved’s tears … These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of various sonnets by William Shakespeare. Sonnet #2 does have lines of pure iambic pentameter but Shakespeare varied the feet in several lines ( he used pyrrhic, trochaic and spondaic feet), which alters the rhythms, brings contrast and added interest for the reader. In this sonnet, the poet is giving almost fatherly advice to the fair youth. Analysis and Literary Devices of Shakespeare's Sonnet 2 Analysis . IV. A term from warfare. To refrain from marriage makes the youth guilty of narcissism and of cruelty to future generations. Contrasts exist within this sonnet that add to the overall tone and argument. Shakespeare borrowed these classic metaphors - 'he ploughs the brow with furrows' and 'furrows which may plough your body' - from the ancient Roman writers Virgil and Ovid. 12. from your Reading List will also remove any Introduction and Text of Sonnet 2: "When forty winters shall besiege thy brow" In the second marriage sonnet from the Shakespeare 154-sonnet sequence, the speaker continues to implore the young man to take a wife and produce offspring.He cautions the young lad to act before he begins to age and lose his youth, vitality, and beauty. Summary of Sonnet 2. Search all of SparkNotes Search. However this changes after a number of sonnets. Sonnet 2 Analysis. SONNET 2. In Sonnet 2 Shakespeare continues the theme of procreation explaining to man the importance and beauty of his life and how he shouldn’t waste it. The speaker pleas on behalf of common sense and logic and aims directly for the conscience of the subject - the presumed fair youth - hoping to persuade him to have children and thus preserve his beauty. Many times, in Shakespeare, after the first half hour I have almost given up in despair: "This really is it. In line 8, he speaks of "thriftless praise," or unprofitable praise — the term "thrift" during Shakespeare's lifetime had various meanings, including profit and increase, which also recalls Sonnet 1. Analysis of Sonnet 2. It shows the poet’s intense desire to devote self wholeheartedly to God, but at the same time it shows the painful struggle that goes on in his mind between this desire and the temptation that sin offers. Development of the Sonnet Form: Sonnets in Context; Shakespeare Sonnets Analysis; Publishing The Sonnets; Shakespeare Love Sonnets; Sonnet 1: From Fairest Creatures We Desire Increase; Sonnet 2: When Forty Winters Shall Besiege Thy Brow; Sonnet 3: Look In Thy Glass, And Tell The Face Thous Viewest; Sonnet 4: Unthrifty Loveliness, Why Dost Thou Spend "Proud livery" in line 3, here meaning well-tailored clothing, contrasts to "tottered weed" as the clothes of a nobleman's servant contrast to the rags of a beggar; the phrase also refers to the youth's outward beauty, which time devours. The fact that the opening line has three unstressed syllables and the second and third lines three stressed, reflects the argument put forward by the speaker - namely, there is a stark choice to be made: grow old, lose your beauty or marry, have a child and so keep the beauty in the family line. The first quatrain has a noticeable sentence structure because the subject isn't introduced until line 3 and the verb delayed until line 4, so building up a powerful effect - from inevitable aging (forty winters) to proud youth. The use of a conceit, an Elizabethan poetic technique using metaphor, is clear. Sonnet 2 Analysis The sonnets by Shakespeare convince a young, handsome friend of Shakespeare’s to have children to forever keep his beauty alive. Value is related to phrases words such as - small worth held, treasure (which may also have sexual associations), thriftless praise. Other lines with metrical variation include: To say / within / thine own / deep-sunk / en eyes (3 iambs + spondee + iamb), Were an / all-eat / ing shame / and thrift / less praise. This is why many scholars doubt the autobiographical argument for the sonnets. Introduction and Text of Sonnet 2: "When forty winters shall besiege thy brow" In the second marriage sonnet from the Shakespeare 154-sonnet sequence, the speaker continues to implore the young man to take a wife and produce offspring.He cautions the young lad to act before he begins to age and lose his youth, vitality, and beauty. ‘When forty winters shall besiege thy brow’ by William Shakespeare addresses the need to have children as a way of guaranteeing one’s legacy and beauty. This sonnet has a rhyme scheme of ababcdcdefefgg with all but one of the rhymes being full: Many online sites glibly state that all of Shakespeare's sonnets are written in iambic pentameter and, whilst it is true that most lines in the sonnets are dominated by the iambic foot, not all lines are in pure iambic pentameter, far from it. Mystery surrounds the actual historical name of this 'fair youth' but it seems likely that the sonnets were written to persuade either William Herbert, 3rd earl of Pembroke, or Henry Wriothesley, 3rd earl of Southampton, to marry and have children. Shakespeare Sonnet 3, Look in thy glass and tell the face thou viewest. And don't be fooled by those who claim that Shakespeare's sonnets are all written in 100% iambic pentameter. Forty winters … © 2020 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 13. Poetic Techniques in Sonnet 2. Tatter'd Weed: Having ragged garments Thriftless: Careless in handeling money; wasteful, or It's a convincing line of persuasion. In this sonnet the sun is again overtaken by clouds, but now the sun/beloved is accused of having betrayed the poet by promising what is not delivered. Proving his beauty by succession thine! Sonnet 22 appears shortly after the early group of poems which urged the young man to have a child, and is one of the first sonnets to focus upon the speaker’s feelings. When forty winters shall beseige thy brow, And dig deep trenches in thy beauty's field, Thy youth's proud livery, so gazed on now, Will be a tatter'd weed, of small worth held: Then being ask'd where all thy beauty lies, Where all the treasure of thy lusty days, To say, within thine own deep-sunken eyes, Were an all-eating shame and thriftless praise. 2. Fourteen lines split into three quatrains and a concluding couplet. Sonnet 2. (pyrrhic + spondee + 3 iambs), How much / more praise / deserved / thy beau / ty's use, (iamb + spondee + 3 iambs), If thou / couldst ans / wer, "This / fair child / of mine (iamb + spondee + 3 iambs), Proving / his beau / ty by / success / ion thine. Shakespeare stresses that this beauty will not last, and that it is selfish and foolish for him not to prepare for the loss of his beauty and youth. The poet does not call the act of love "increase," as he did in Sonnet 1, but "use," meaning investment, the opposite of "niggarding" from Sonnet 1. Further analysis of these two poems indicates Donne’s personal feelings towards God. It’s a poem about ageing, and about the benefits of having children – continuing the argument begun in the previous sonnet. The speaker addresses the Fair Youth, informing him that in short order he’s going to lose his beauty and his face is going to look like a ploughed field. Shakespeare's Sonnets essays are academic essays for citation. The pyrrhics provide what has been called a softer base out of which spring the spondees and to a lesser extent the iambs. This helps create bonds and texture within lines. Vocabulary: Beseige: Livery: A distinctive uniform worn by the male servants of a household; also used as a metaphor for the beauty of a young man that Shakespeare is describing. Are you sure you want to remove #bookConfirmation# There is a tone of quiet desperation in this sonnet, the speaker imploring the young man or woman to stop delaying, stop being so vain, and think about future prospects for their beauty. It is a procreation sonnet within the Fair Youth sequence. Sonnet 2 opens with a metaphor that compares the way time wears away a person's face to the way an army attacks a castle. However this changes after a number of sonnets. Sonnet 2: Analysis. CliffsNotes study guides are written by real teachers and professors, so no matter what you're studying, CliffsNotes can ease your homework headaches and help you score high on exams. This brings added interest and challenge for the reader. Both were patrons of Shakespeare. Note that this sonnet does not mention the gender of the addressee, although it is accepted among critics that it is meant for the ears and eyes of the fair youth. In summary, Sonnet 22 sees Shakespeare declaring that as long as the Youth remains young, so does he, the poet, too. Having children is the only solution and the tone is persuasive and perhaps a little cruel. Vocabulary: Beseige: Livery: A distinctive uniform worn by the male servants of a household; also used as a metaphor for the beauty of a young man that Shakespeare is describing. Removing #book# There are examples of a repeated phrase or word reinforcing the argument: and the word beauty (beauty's) occurs four times.